What is speech therapy?

Speech therapy is a treatment for speech and language disorders. A speech disorder involves a problem producing words and sounds, whereas a language disorder refers to a difficulty understanding words and putting together sentences and ideas for communication. Speech therapy helps individuals gain the ability to communicate through speech and language.

Speech therapists might use repetitive exercises and training as well as assistive devices for communication to assist with what is speech therapy. Called augmentive and assistive communication, or AAC, these devices produce speech or sound for those who are nonverbal.

A person who has a degree or diploma in speech therapy is called a speech therapist.

Speech therapy targets a great deal of speech and language disorders, including the following:

Articulation disorders
Fluency disorders
Dysphagia or feeding disorders
Receptive or expressive communication disorders
Complications from birth defects surgery